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Restrictions on importation of Phytophthora ramorum (P. ramorum) host plants for planting into the United States

TO: STATE AND TERRITORY AGRICULTURAL REGULATORY OFFICIALS
APHIS is issuing a Federal Order to restrict importation of plants for planting known to be hosts of P. ramorum. Since 2003, APHIS has been working toward limiting the spread of P. ramorum within the United States. APHIS has also been requiring that plants from several European countries and the United Kingdom be accompanied by certification of inspection and testing to be free of P. ramorum; however, the certification does not provide details about the country’s pest exclusion plan. Also, APHIS has not been requiring certification from other countries about testing or their disease-free status. The genotypic diversity and expanding host range of P. ramorum is of increasing concern.
Therefore, APHIS is requiring specific countries to have in place an annual pest exclusion program that incorporates monitoring, sampling, testing and a validation process to verify the absence of P. ramorum in a place of production. APHIS will approve the country to export host material to the United States if the program is comparable to APHIS’ restrictions for interstate movement of P. ramorum hosts. The shipments must also be accompanied by a phytosanitary certificate with an additional declaration about the place of production. Plants for planting of P. ramorum host commodities from other countries will be allowed into the United States if accompanied by a phytosanitary certificate with an additional declaration stating that P. ramorum is not known to exist within the country.
The restrictions apply to host plants for planting and all plant parts intended for propagation except seed of the plant taxa. The current APHIS-regulated P. ramorum host plant list is available at: http://www.aphis.usda.gov/plant_health/plant_pest_info/pram/downloads/pdf_files/usdaprlist.pdf
For questions on this Federal Oder, contact:

William Aley, Sr. Import Specialist, APHIS Plant Protection and Quarantine, Riverdale, MD at (301) 851-2130 or William.D.Aley@aphis.usda.gov.

See the entire document here:

http://www.aphis.usda.gov/import_export/plants/plant_imports/federal_order/downloads/2012/DA-2012-14.pdf

NOTE: This amends a previous federal order and its largest change is “APHIS is requiring specific countries to have in place an annual pest exclusion program that incorporates monitoring, sampling, testing and a validation process to verify the absence of P. ramorum in a place of production.” Previously, no such testing was required.